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A lack of competition explains the flaws in American aviationND
The Economist Print Edition, 22nd of April 2017
Comparing US air carriers to European air carriers is clear cut with European operators gaining on average $7.84 profit per seat compared to $22.40 in the US, quality suffers as a result. Only one operator based in the USA can be found in the world’s 30 best carriers, compared to 9 European based carriers.
This is argued to be down to competition. The biggest four carriers in America control 80 per cent of the market, compared with just 48 per cent a decade ago. The top four carriers in Europe have around 45 per cent of the market. This is due to European regulators preserving competition between carriers for example blocking mergers between Ryanair and Aer Lingus and preventing single airlines from dominating airports.
Combined with the preservation of competition between EU-based carriers, the EU allows airlines with a non-EU owner that has a stake of up to 49 per cent to fly anywhere within the bloc, compared to America which caps foreign ownership at 25 per cent. The EU also encourages competitions between different airports and their operators, seen through London’s three separately owned airports.
For more information see: www.economist.com